There are two main types of fermentation, lactic cid Fermentation and alcohol (or ethanol) Fermentation.
Lactic acid fermentation is an anaerobic process, which means it occurs in the absence of oxygen. During lactic acid fermentation, a diverse group of bacteria called, lactic acid bacteria or LAB, metabolize various sugars and produce lactic acid and a lot of it! It is the high volume of acid that prohibits the growth of other potentially harmful bacteria that could make us sick. Bonus! Without fermentation, there is no lactic acid and the food production and preservation stops. So to recap, we need lactic acid bacteria, a sugar nutrient source and a system with no oxygen for lactic acid fermentation to be successful. Kimchi is an example of a lactic acid fermentation.
Alcohol (or ethanol) fermentation is also an anaerobic process whereby yeasts convert simple sugars into ethanol and carbon dioxide. Yeasts typically function under aerobic conditions, or in the presence of oxygen, but are also capable of functioning under anaerobic conditions, or in the absence of oxygen. When no oxygen is readily available, alcohol fermentation occurs. Alcohol fermentation consists of 2 stages, glycolysis and fermentation. During glycolysis yeasts breakdown glucose, a type of sugar, into pyruvic acid. Pyruvic acid is an amino acid which helps to form ethanol. Fermentation takes place when the pyruvic acid is converted into ethanol molecules and carbon dioxide molecules. In short, alcohol fermentation begins with the breakdown of sugar by yeasts and ends with carbon dioxide and ethanol.
Fermentation promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria and fungi known as probiotics.
What Is A Probiotic ? Probiotics are living microorganisms that when consumed help to improve and restore our gut microbiota. Among other benefits, healthy gut microbiota are essential to the digestion process and immune defenses.
And What Exactly Are These Microorganisms ? The living microorganisms identified as probiotics are primarily bacteria, but also include certain types of yeast (or fungi).
So What Is the Microbiota Then ? In this case, microbiota refers to the trillions of microbial cells living in our gut. This includes bacteria, fungi (including yeast) and viruses.
What Role Do Prebiotics Play ? Prebiotics are compounds found in fiber-rich foods. Think whole oats, apples, onions, dandelion greens and garlic – yummy! Prebiotics nourish and encourage the growth and activity of the super beneficial probiotics. Basically, they are the food source for the probiotics.
Probiotics are gaining worldwide recognition for their role in helping to maintain a healthy gut microbiome. Because of this, products claiming to support gut health are flooding the market and the selection process can be overwhelming. At Totally Gutted we make things simple for you! You see, we understand that supplements have their role, but we also believe that the best way to consume probiotics is to maintain a regular diet of probiotic-rich foods and beverages. Research tells us that there are distinct benefits associated with nutrients from foods that supplements cannot provide. For example, when we consume probiotic-rich foods and beverages we provide our bodies with micronutrients essential for daily functions, plant compounds that help prevent oxidative stress and damage, and, very importantly, fiber. This is why we hand-craft our probiotic foods and beverages in-house using the best ingredients available. Taking part in the process from start to finish helps us to ensure you that you receive quality living cultures made with love.